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{{Encyclopedia}}
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{{Expanded}}
[[Image:DuneEncyclopedia.jpg|thumb|Cover of ''The Dune Encyclopedia'']]
 
'''''The Dune Encyclopedia''''' is an expansion of the [[Dune|''Dune'']] universe, background and commentary in the form of a reference text compiled and edited by Dr. [[Willis E. McNelly]] in 1984. A total of 43 people contributed articles to the work.
 
   
The book was based on the first 4 books of the original ''Dune'' saga by [[Frank Herbert]], namely ''[[Dune (novel)|Dune]]'', ''[[Dune Messiah]]'', ''[[Children of Dune]]'', and ''[[God Emperor of Dune]]''. At the time it was written, ''The Dune Encyclopedia'' was promoted as the "official" ''Dune'' chronology. Frank Herbert, who was a personal friend of Dr. McNelly, wrote the foreword for the ''Encyclopedia''. Rumors existed that Herbert himself contributed to it; however, if this were true, he wrote under a pseudonym, as his name only appears on the foreword.
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'''''The Dune Encyclopedia''''' is a reference text compiled and edited by Dr. [[Willis E. McNelly]] in 1984. A total of 43 people contributed articles to the work.
   
Despite the ''Encyclopedia'' being hailed as an official reference text for the ''Dune'' universe, some of the information contained therein was contradicted by ''[[Heretics of Dune]]'' and ''[[Chapterhouse: Dune]]''.
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The book was based on the first 4 books of the original ''Dune'' saga by [[Frank Herbert]], namely [[Dune (novel)|Dune]], [[Dune Messiah (novel)|Dune Messiah]], [[Children of Dune (novel)|Children of Dune]], and [[God Emperor of Dune (novel)|God Emperor of Dune]]. At the time it was written, ''The Dune Encyclopedia'' was promoted as the "official" ''Dune'' chronology. Dr. McNelly was a personal friend of Frank Herbert, who wrote the foreword for the ''Encyclopedia''.
   
The ''Encyclopedia'' also presents itself as an in-universe document. It was published in [[15540 AG]], and its editor was [[Hadi Benotto]].
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Despite the ''Encyclopedia'' being the official reference text for the ''Dune'' universe, some of the information contained therein was contradicted by [[Heretics of Dune (novel)|Heretics of Dune]] and [[Chapterhouse: Dune (novel)|Chapterhouse: Dune]].
   
The ''Encyclopedia'' provides a timeline both based on the ''Dune'' chronology by Frank Herbert, original dates of original, never-before-revealed in-universe events, as well as real history, seen from the ''Dunish'' perspective of the [[Imperium]]; the history of Terra is seen as the history of an "Imperial Seat," started by [[Aleksandr|Alexander the Great]] and carried over by Rome, Madrid, and London, until the "interprovincial war" of World War II, when it is transferred to Washington, D.C. for the next several centuries.
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Rumors existed that Herbert himself contributed to the ''Encyclopedia''. However, if this were true, he wrote under a pseudonym, as his name only appears on the foreword.
 
==History==
 
==History==
The ''Encyclopedia'' was printed in the US only once as paperback on 1 June, 1984 by Berkley Books, an imprint of Putnam (the publisher of all of Frank Herbert's ''Dune'' novels). It was also released in hardcover by Putnam Adult a month later, on 13 July, 1984. Another paperback edition, with a different cover picture, was printed in the UK and published by Corgi Books (a division of Transworld Publishing), also in 1984.
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The ''Encyclopedia'' was printed only once as paperback in 1 June, 1984 by [[Berkley Books]], an imprint of [[Putnam]] (the publisher of all of Frank Herbert's Dune novels). The Dune Encyclopedia was also released in hardcover by Putnam Adult a month later, 13 July 1984
   
In 1999, Dr. McNelly stated that he had proposed to Frank Herbert that they collaborate on a ''Dune'' prequel novel, expanding upon the [[Butlerian Jihad/DE|Butlerian Jihad]] story presented in ''The Dune Encyclopedia''. He noted, "''FH and I had discussed writing it together and he agreed with my general plot outline, completed first chapter, and so on but his untimely death prevented us from continuing.''" <ref>Alt.Fan.Dune Post: [[http://groups.google.com/group/alt.fan.dune/msg/a16ae9040913dfdd?dmode=source&output=gplain]]</ref>
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After Herbert died, his estate took over all licensing and copyright on ''Dune'' material. As a result, ''The Dune Encyclopedia'' has been out of print for more than 20 years, and is highly sought after by fans.
 
After Herbert died in 1986, his [[Herbert Properties LLC|estate]] took over all licensing and copyright on both past and future ''Dune'' material and intellectual property. ''The Dune Encyclopedia'' has been out of print for over twenty years, and is highly sought-after by fans.
 
   
 
==Foreword by Frank Herbert==
 
==Foreword by Frank Herbert==
   
"''Here is a rich background (and foreground) for the ''Dune Chronicles'', including scholarly bypaths and amusing sidelights. Some of the contributions are sure to arouse controversy, based as they are on questionable sources. Others round out long speculation. Specialists have had their field day here with problems geological, biological, astronomical, and mystical, with pronunciations, major biographies, histories and accounts of little-known figures. The range of topics is catholic: cf. from games for amusement to games of life and death ([[Cheops/DE|Cheops]] or [[Pyramid Chess/DE|Pyramid Chess]] to "The [[Assassins' Handbook/DE|Assassins' Handbook]]")''.
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"''Here is a rich background (and foreground) for the Dune Chronicles, including scholarly bypaths and amusing sidelights. Some of the contributions are sure to arouse controversy, based as they are on questionable sources. Others round out long speculation. Specialists have had their field day here with problems geological, biological, astronomical, and mystical, with pronunciations, major biographies, histories and accounts of little-known figures. The range of topics is catholic: cf. from games for amusement to games of life and death ([[Cheops]] or Pyramid Chess to "The [[Assassins' Handbook]]")''.
   
''"The history of the [[Financial Synod]] which spawned [[CHOAM/DE|CHOAM]] gets its first airing in these pages. In fact, many secrets hidden in the ''Dune Chronicles'' are answered here. How did [[Irulan Corrino/DE|Irulan]] first gain and then arouse the displeasure of [[Ghanima Atreides/DE|Ghanima]]? Who was [[Jehanne Butler]] and why does the [[Butlerian Jihad/DE|Butlerian Jihad]] carry her name? What are the hidden origins of the [[Spacing Guild/DE|Spacing Guild]]? Where did [[spice/DE|spice]]-trance navigational techniques develop? What was [[Leto II Atreides|Leto II's]] private opinion of Holy Sister [[Quintinius Violet Chenoeh]]? Does Cheops have something in common with the three-body problem?''
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''"The history of the Financial Synod which spawned [[CHOAM]] gets its first airing in these pages. In fact, many secrets hidden in the Dune Chronicles are answered here. How did [[Irulan Corrino|Irulan]] first gain and then arouse the displeasure of [[Ghanima Atreides|Ghanima]]? Who was [[Jehanne Butler]] and why does the [[Butlerian Jihad]] carry her name? What are the hidden origins of the [[Spacing Guild]]? Where did [[spice]]-trance navigational techniques develop? What was [[Leto Atreides II|Leto II's]] private opinion of Holy Sister [[Quintinius Violet Chenoeh]]? Does Cheops have something in common with the three-body problem?''
   
''"I must confess that I found it fascinating to re-enter here some of the sources on which the ''Chronicles ''are built. As the first "''Dune ''fan," I give this encyclopedia my delighted approval, although I hold my own counsel on some of the issues still to be explored as the ''Chronicles ''unfold."''
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''"I must confess that I found it fascinating to re-enter here some of the sources on which the Chronicles are built. As the first "Dune fan", I give this encyclopedia my delighted approval, although I hold my own counsel on some of the issues still to be explored as the Chronicles unfold."''
   
 
==List of contributors==
 
==List of contributors==
   
*Joan Bouchelle — J.B.
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Joan Bouchelle — J.B.
*Edgar L. Chapman — E.C.
 
*Judith A. Clark — J.A.C.
 
*Michael Clayton - M.C.
 
*Grace W. Eckley — G.W.E.
 
*Greta Eisner — G.E.
 
*Peter Facione — P.F.
 
*J. L. Germain — J.L.G.
 
*J. H. Gervais — J.H.G.
 
*Stephen Goldman — S.G.
 
*Lee Granell — L.G.
 
*Jane Hipolito — I.H.
 
*William Hornaday — W.H.
 
*Wesley D. Ives — W.D.I.
 
*Edward M. Jennings — E.J.
 
*Alan Kaye — A.K.
 
*Dorothy Kilter — D.K.
 
*Gillian Kitrick — G.K.
 
*Linda R. Levy. — L.R.L.
 
*Gregory Lichtenberg — G.L.
 
*Victoria Lustbader — V.L.
 
*Michael W. McClintock — M.M.
 
*Willis McNelly — W.M.
 
*Douglas J. McReynolds — D.M.
 
*Walter E. Meyers — W.E.M.
 
*Frederic H. Miller — F.M.
 
*Myron Orleans — M.O.
 
*Charles A. Povlovich — C.A.P.
 
*John Quijada — J.Q.
 
*Julia Reed — J.R.M.
 
*R. Reginald — R.R.
 
*Thomas E. Roberts — T.R.
 
*John A. Ryan — J.R.
 
*Roger Schlobin — R.S.
 
*Maureen A. Shifflett — M.S.
 
*Ray C. Shiflett — R.C.S.
 
*Joyce Tally - J.T.
 
*Stephen Tobias — S.T.
 
*Michael Tolley — M.T.
 
*Robert Trowbridge — R.T.
 
*John A. Turner — J.A.T.
 
*Christine Watson — C.W.
 
*Carl B. Yoke — C.Y.
 
   
==Future and Canonicity==
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Edgar L. Chapman — E.C.
McNelly repeatedly tried to reprint ''The Dune Encyclopedia'' following Frank Herbert's death in 1986. In 2000, he explained his reasons on the ''Dune'' Usenet group:
 
   
<blockquote>''I am not repeat NOT interested in any financial gain from reprinting the DE. I would like to see it in print again because I am proud of the work done by my many contributors to the volume as well as of the vast amount of material it adds to the Arrakeen saga.''<ref name="afd">Dr. McNelly's Usenet posts on reprint negotiation, e.g. [http://groups.google.com/group/alt.fan.dune/msg/d0dcad69b388ef77?dmode=source], [http://groups.google.com/group/alt.fan.dune/msg/1c4d86008ac8458b?dmode=source].</ref></blockquote>
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Judith A. Clark J.A.C.
   
Despite his persistence, the [[Herbert Properties LLC|Herbert estate]] refused to allow it. McNelly warned fans against taking matters into their own hands and releasing the ''Encyclopedia'' online for free, and hinted at his frustration in the face of HLP lawyers;
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Michael Clayton - M.C.
   
<blockquote>''I cannot, ethically, legally, or morally or even practically permit anyone to use anything from the DE unless prior permission is granted by the FH estate. And that is as likely as finding open water on Arrakis. And I strongly - VERY strongly - suggest that you do not risk the wrath of FH's attorneys in using any of this material in a way not permitted by the current copyright laws. Frankly, I know of no one in the a.f.d. ''[alt.fan.dune Usenet Group]'' group who has the money to defend him/her self against a lawsuit. I know whereof I speak. ''<ref name="afd"/></blockquote>
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Grace W. Eckley G.W.E.
   
The reason for the estate's refusal to reprint the ''Encyclopedia'' may be that many of the ideas and information presented in ''The Dune Encyclopedia'' go directly against the later two prequel trilogies, and sequel duology written after Frank Herbert's death by [[Brian Herbert]] (Frank Herbert's son) and [[Kevin J. Anderson]], which they state complete the original series. Brian Herbert and Anderson have also stated that when writing these books, they drew on Frank Herbert's own notes, left behind after his death. In response to questions over why the new post-Frank Herbert ''Dune'' novels conflicted with ''The Dune Encyclopedia'', the book was declared non-canon on the official ''Dune'' website in a letter credited to McNelly, Brian Herbert, and Anderson:
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Greta Eisner G.E.
   
<blockquote>''"THE DUNE ENCYCLOPEDIA reflects an alternate "DUNE universe" which did not necessarily represent the "canon" created by [[Frank Herbert]]. Frank Herbert's son, [[Brian Herbert]], writing with [[Kevin J. Anderson]], IS continuing to establish the canon of the DUNE universe. This is being done with the full approval of the owner of the DUNE copyright, the [[Herbert Limited Partnership]].''</blockquote>
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Peter Facione P.F.
<blockquote>''<br />"While Frank Herbert himself considered THE DUNE ENCYCLOPEDIA interesting and entertaining, he did not refer to Dr. McNelly's derivative work while writing any of his DUNE novels. Likewise, in writing their DUNE novels (beginning with [[Dune: House Atreides (novel)|DUNE: HOUSE ATREIDES]]), Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson have exclusively used, and will continue to use, Frank Herbert's original notes as well as their own imaginations, and not THE DUNE ENCYCLOPEDIA.''</blockquote><blockquote>''<br />"We hope that the millions of DUNE fans will continue to enjoy all of the works written in Frank Herbert's marvelous universe."<br /><br />A letter written by<br />Dr. Willis McNelly,<br />Brian Herbert, and<br />Kevin J. Anderson'' <ref>Why do the new prequels sometimes contradict the history set forth in THE DUNE ENCYCLOPEDIA compiled by Dr. Willis E. McNelly? [[http://old.dunenovels.com/FAQ.html]]</ref></blockquote>
 
The wording of the letter raised some eyebrows — the wording does not reference that the ''Encyclopedia'' is and always was a fallible in-universe document that openly misrepresents known history and adds historical embellishments. It was also noted as being oddly out-of-step with McNelly's previous statements, prompting speculation that he was not involved in the drafting of the letter.
 
   
Dr. Willis E. McNelly died on April 7, 2003. The ''Encyclopedia'' remains out of print. Despite McNelly's warnings, several fan-made, searchable .PDF versions are indeed available online.<ref>The Dune Encyclopedia [[http://www.thedune.ru/encyclopedia.html]]</ref>
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J. L. Germain J.L.G.
   
==Influence==
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J. H. Gervais — J.H.G.
''The Dune Encyclopedia'' was also used as a sourcebook for the [[Dune computer games|''Dune'' computer games]], developed by [[Westwood Studios]]. It was from the ''Encyclopedia ''that Westwood sourced the name "[[House Ordos]]," which first appeared in ''[[Dune II]]'', although the crest used is actually that of [[House Wallach]] recolored. The ''Dune Encyclopedia'' displays Ordos's crest as being bones forming a letter "X" with ivy entwined around one corner, rather than a snake coiled around a book.
 
   
==See also==
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Stephen Goldman — S.G.
*[[Dune:Encyclopedia]]
 
*[[Willis E. McNelly]]
 
   
==References==
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Lee Granell — L.G.
<references/>
 
   
==External links==
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Jane Hipolito — I.H.
*[http://www.thestargates.com/dune/#dune Official site of the ''The Dune Encyclopedia''] with illustrations and excerpts.
 
*[http://encyclopedia.hairyticksofdune.net/ Fansite] which attempts to discover its contributors and determine current status
 
   
[[Category:The Dune Encyclopedia]]
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William Hornaday — W.H.
[[Category:Behind the Scenes]]
 
[[Category:Novels]]
 
   
[[de:Enzyklopädie]]
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Wesley D. Ives — W.D.I.
[[ru:Энциклопедия Дюны]]
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Edward M. Jennings — E.J.
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Alan Kaye — A.K.
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Dorothy Kilter — D.K.
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Gillian Kitrick — G.K.
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Linda R. Levy. — L.R.L.
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Gregory Lichtenberg — G.L.
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Victoria Lustbader — V.L.
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Michael W. McClintock — M.M.
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Willis McNelly — W.M.
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Douglas J. McReynolds — D.M.
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Walter E. Meyers — W.E.M.
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Frederic H. Miller — F.M.
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Myron Orleans — M.O.
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Charles A. Povlovich — C.A.P.
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John Quijada — J.Q.
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Julia Reed — J.R.M.
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R. Reginald — R.R.
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Thomas E. Roberts — T.R.
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John A. Ryan — J.R.
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Roger Schlobin — R.S.
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Maureen A. Shifflett — M.S.
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Ray C. Shiflett — R.C.S.
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Joyce Tally - J.T.
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Stephen Tobias — S.T.
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Michael Tolley — M.T.
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Robert Trowbridge — R.T.
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John A. Turner — J.A.T.
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Christine Watson — C.W.
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Carl B. Yoke — C.Y.
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==Letter regarding the Encyclopedia==
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This is a letter written by Dr. Willis McNelly, Brian Herbert, and Kevin J. Anderson, regarding the Dune Encyclopedia [http://www.dunenovels.com/FAQ.html]:
  +
<blockquote>
  +
"THE DUNE ENCYCLOPEDIA reflects an alternate "DUNE universe" which did not necessarily represent the "canon" created by [[Frank Herbert]]. Frank Herbert's son, [[Brian Herbert]], writing with [[Kevin J. Anderson]], IS continuing to establish the canon of the DUNE universe. This is being done with the full approval of the owner of the DUNE copyright, the [[Herbert Limited Partnership]].
  +
<br>
  +
"While Frank Herbert himself considered THE DUNE ENCYCLOPEDIA interesting and entertaining, he did not refer to Dr. McNelly's derivative work while writing any of his DUNE novels. Likewise, in writing their DUNE novels (beginning with [[Dune: House Atreides (novel)|DUNE: HOUSE ATREIDES]]), Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson have exclusively used, and will continue to use, Frank Herbert's original notes as well as their own imaginations, and not THE DUNE ENCYCLOPEDIA.
  +
<br>
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"We hope that the millions of DUNE fans will continue to enjoy all of the works written in Frank Herbert's marvelous universe."<br>
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<br>
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A letter written by <br>
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Dr. Willis McNelly, <br>
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Brian Herbert, and <br>
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Kevin J. Anderson
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</blockquote>
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==Fan Reactions==
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Some fans have taken the forward and the letter above to mean that ''The Dune Encyclopedia'' is an "in-story work of fiction, written shortly after the time of [[Leto Atreides II|Emperor Leto]]'s death.
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  +
''The Dune Encyclopedia'' was also used as the sourcebook for the [[Dune computer games]], developed by [[Westwood Studios]]. It was here that Westwood got the name "[[House Ordos]]", which first appeared in ''[[Dune II]]'', one of the first-ever Real-Time Strategy games, although the crest used is actually that of [[House Wallach]] recoloured. The ''Dune Encyclopedia'' displays Ordos's crest as being bones making an 'x', rather than a snake coiled around a book.
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==External links==
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*[http://www.thestargates.com/dune/#dune Official site of the The Dune Encyclopedia] with illustrations and excerpts.
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